NursingCenter. Cough syrups may provide some relief as well. Respiratory disease is responsible for over 10% of hospitalizations and over 16% of deaths in Canada (including lung cancer). Their articles are not a substitute for medical advice, although we hope you can gain knowledge from their insight. National Center for Biotechnology Information. However, it may take up to two weeks to recover. Although flu may cause vomiting and diarrhea, especially in children, this does not necessarily mean a child has "stomach flu." According to the National Institute of Health, ʺduring a normal day, you breathe nearly 25,000 times. But three types—the ones that cause SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2)--have the potential to be fatal, and each of these has led to a significant global outbreak. There is no specific treatment for a cold. Bird flu can cause fever, difficulty breathing, diarrhea, headache, body aches, confusion, sore throat, and runny nose. This lung infection may also cause vomiting and diarrhea. A person affected by a pulmonary infection will likely feel very weak and look so sick. Perhaps most importantly, drink lots of fluids. The same preventative measures for other respiratory illnesses apply to MERS infection: wash hands or use an alcohol-based sanitizer, cover your nose and mouth when sneezing and throw the tissue away immediately, avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands, avoid kissing, sharing food or drinks with sick people, and clean and disinfect contaminated surfaces such as doorknobs and bathroom countertops. But after 72 hours, the hospital received very few victims. “The first is the severity of the coronavirus infection itself — whether the person has a … Cough that produces thick mucus. Get Help. Some people are not suitable for flu shots. This led to an unprecedented closure of schools, businesses, and public life in the United States and Europe as nations practiced social distancing to prevent widespread infection. Worldwide, viral pneumonia is the leading cause of death among children younger than 5 years old. This is because chronic bronchitis is merely caused by the blocking of the airways and bronchioles in the lungs that causes difficulty in breathing and coughs of the septum that can be managed. It has since spread worldwide, leading to an ongoing pandemic. There have been some reports of patients with stomach problems such as diarrhea and vomiting. Vaccines contain inactive (dead) viruses triggering an immune response without infection. Anyone can be infected, but some people stand a greater risk, including those who: Antibiotics are highly effective in treating bacterial pneumonia, so long as the bacteria are not resistant to the antibiotics. Fever. • Chest congestion  Antibiotics are useless against the cold virus and should not be over-used. • Sore throat. In case of a bird flu outbreak, an H5N1 vaccine is available from the US government; it is not typically suggested as a season flu vaccine. A chest infection is a type of respiratory infection that impacts the lower part of your respiratory tract. Anyone can get the enterovirus, which is transmitted through person-to-person contact. If there is a build-up of fluid in your lungs, more extensive treatment may be needed. Pneumonia happens when bacteria, viruses, and less commonly fungi collect in a person's air sacs and begin to grow. This is a problem because many patients need hospital care and outbreaks like this often use up all hospital resources for care. It is possible for swine flu to spread from pigs to humans, though this type of spread is most common among people in places like pig barns and livestock fair exhibits housing numerous live pigs. National Library of Medicine - National Institutes of Health. The first case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Smokers and the elderly are also more prone to lung infections. A mild-to-moderate coronavirus infection is like the common cold, according to the CDC. As an upper respiratory infection, the common cold causes runny nose, sore throat, and headache. Galiatsatos notes three factors that affect the lung damage risk in COVID-19 infections and how likely the person is to recover and regain lung function: Disease severity. Coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19) is a contagious diseasecaused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2). One third of those who contract Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) bacteria develop this milder variation. Here is a list of breathing disorders with information on symptoms, causes, treatment and disease management. As a nasal spray, the H1N1 virus vaccine is a "live virus" vaccine that has been weakened (attenuated). Be the first one and get the conversation started! Many infected persons have been hospitalized (about 20%). Seniors and those with compromised immune systems are the most at risk for flu complications. 3. Muscle pain and shortness of breath are also common with this type of lung infection. Flu illness begins one to four days after the virus enters your body, and can cause fever, chills, throat pain, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, and fatigue. The seven known coronavirus infections that make people sick range from mild to severe, depending on the virus type. This helps the body produce flu antibodies thus preventing further infection. People infected with the common cold become contagious a few days before symptoms appear and remain contagious until recovery. • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) Bacterial lung infections are treated with antibiotics. Viral pneumonia is a lung infection that can occur in anyone of any age, but is more common in young children and the elderly. • Pleurisy However, the most common is infection. This virus family is known to infect various animals, and is also known to mutate easily. One common cause of pneumonia is bacterial infection. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. A person's age, health history and allergies (including egg allergy) should be considered before receiving a flu shot. Lung Diseases Affecting the Air Sacs (Alveoli) Pneumonia. You may spit up phlegm and experience fever, chills, shortness of breath, fatigue, muscle aches, headache, sweating, clammy skin, and confusion (especially in the elderly). Seasonal influenza ("the flu"), is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses and is most dangerous to children, seniors, and those with weakened immune systems. The US government announced in January, 2020 that it is developing such a vaccine. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1326257, MRSA as a cause of lung infection including air. Recommended SARS prevention measures include washing hands with soap and hot water or an alcohol-based hand rub, wearing disposable gloves if contacting an infected person's body fluids or feces and throwing those gloves away immediately, wearing a surgical mask, washing personal utensils, towels, bedding and clothes with soap and hot water, and disinfecting any household surfaces that may have come into contact with an infected person's sweat, saliva, mucus, vomit, stool or urine. A virus's genetics allow that particular virus to live inside a specific species, like a human, cat, dog, monkey, and others. They can occur from bacteria normally found in your nose or throat which then spread to the lungs for a variety of reasons. ", World Health Organization: “Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Situation report - 58.”. Most people see improvement within two to three days after beginning antibiotic treatment but some cases last longer, even with IV antibiotics. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.nursingcenter.com/library/JournalArticle.asp?Article_ID=620495, Infectious Disease: In Disaster’s Wake: Tsunami Lung. Respiratory Illnesses: 13 Types of Lung Infections. 4. Bronchitis - PubMed Health. By March as the outbreak in China seemed to stabilize, nearly 81,000 people had been sickened and 3,200 people had died in China, according to the WHO. Those most likely to exhibit enterovirus symptoms are infants, children, and teens. SARS may cause fever, chills, muscle pain, shortness of breath, headache, and diarrhea. Common causes include Influenza A or B ("the flu"), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza, and adenovirus. Respiratory tract viruses are common causes of pneumonia especially in the elderly, immunocompromised or in patients with other lung diseases such as COPD. They can be caused by viral infections like the severe flu or bacterial infections like tuberculosis. Asthma. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Complications of the flu can include bacterial pneumonia, ear infection, sinus infection, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions, such as congestive heart failure, asthma, or diabetes. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates about 20,000 children under the age of 5 are hospitalized due to flu complications every year. Non-polio enterovirus refers to a group of very common viruses that cause 10 to 15 million infections annually. Antiviral medications are usually prescribed and can help you cope with avian flu. The body's respiratory system includes the nose, Influenza (Flu) and COVID-19 are both contagious respiratory illnesses, but they are caused by different viruses. By submitting this form, you agree to EmpowHER's, Magnesium Deficiency: A Commonly Overlooked Health Issue. Adequate rest may also help you recover and feel better. Chronic bronchitis is a form of COPD emphasized by a chronic cough. This keeps cold sufferers hydrated and helps prevent another infection from setting in. The swine flu gets its name because the viruses that causes swine flu (H1N1v viruses) show genetic similarities to viruses that infect pigs. SARS victims usually require oxygen and possibly mechanical ventilation. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Unlike most other respiratory tract infections, which are causes by viruses, pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria. The Journal also stated if the infection is not treated with antibiotics, the infection can ʺtravel through bloodstream to the brain, where they produced abscesses and caused neurologic problems, including paralysis.ʺ, Closer to home, there are various types of lung infections. Although many only experience mild/moderate symptoms (about 80%of those infected), others (about 20%) experience more severe symptoms, which may include pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and death (about 1-3%). If all types of lung disease are lumped together, it is the number three killer in the United States.ʺ. There is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for MERS-CoV infection. Beyond vaccination, experts recommend keeping children home if they are sick with the flu. Enterovirus may resemble a common cold at first, with fever, runny nose, sneezing, skin rash, mouth blisters, and body and muscle aches. Uncontrollable, violent coughing that can make it difficult to breathe is characteristic of this lung infection. Another announcement made in March confirmed the first human had been given the experimental vaccine. Lung infections can be caused by a virus or bacteria. Washing hands often with soap and water when available, and when not, using an alcohol-based hand rub. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19948913, Pleurisy - PubMed Health. The acute form is usually caused by a virus that passes to your lungs following an upper respiratory infection. Upper Respiratory Infection Versus Lower: What’s the Difference? • Pneumonia [Eur Respir J. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. The SARS virus outbreak began in China in 2003 and spread worldwide, infecting over 8,000 people before it was contained. Or it may be chronic, defined as bronchitis that lasts at least three months over two consecutive years. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11. Everyone has had the common cold at some time or another. This extremely common upper respiratory infection is usually caused by one of the 57 types of adenovirus. Tsunami lung is treated with antibiotics. Coughing helps to rid your body of the mucus produced from inflammation of the airways and lungs. Anyone, including adults, can get pertussis, but infants stand a particularly severe, even life-threatening, risk. Pneumonia is a lung infection … As with SARS, MERS patients usually require oxygen supplementation and possible mechanical ventilation. Vaccines are available beginning at 2 months old, and typically require four more doses at regular intervals with the last dose given at age 4-6. Stabbing chest pains. Fungus, like candida, can also cause a lung infection. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC427412, Pulmonary tuberculosis - PubMed Health. You may also feel fatigued, with mild body aches, headaches, sore throat, and watery eyes. Causes: In most cases, it is caused by bacteria and viral infections. The best way to prevent bird flu it is to avoid sources of exposure like contaminated poultry farms, aviaries, or coops. These types of infections often have the same symptoms as influenza or pneumonia. This viral infection was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012, and the original source of the virus is unknown but is suspected to have come from camels. Your lungs swell and produce mucus, which brings on coughing fits. Since 2004, there have been no known SARS virus cases reported. In the United States, flu season begins as early as October and ends as late as May. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Millions of people in the U.S. have lung disease. Learn about the many types of respiratory viral infections, which include the common cold and flu. The scarring associated with interstitial lung disease eventually affects your ability to breathe and get enough oxygen into your bloodstream.Interstitial lung disease can be caused by long-term exposure to hazardous materials, such as asbestos. This form is most commonly found in people with a smoking history who also have existing lung disease such as COPD or bronchiectasis. Patients with coronavirus COVID-19 have been given treatment to ease their symptoms, also known as supportive care or palliative care. Many factors help a doctor decide which antibiotic to prescribe. Interstitial (in-tur-STISH-ul) lung disease describes a large group of disorders, most of which cause progressive scarring of lung tissue. Retrieved January 10, 2012, from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/lungdiseases.html, Lung Infection-A Public Health Priority. Be especially careful when treating a child, as many cold medicines are unsuitable for children. In each case, the swine flu vaccine works by exposing patients to a small dose of the virus, which helps the body develop its own immunity to swine flu. Local, state agencies, the CDC and WHO should be notified immediately if a MERS-CoV infection is diagnosed. Infectious lung conditions are usually temporary, although some respiratory infections can become chronic or frequently recur. It is sometimes called a chest cold. Lung infections may also lead to a stuffy or runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, achy muscles, and headache. Avian (bird) flu is an illness also caused by an influenza- A virus. H1N1 flu is typically contagious from 1 to 7 days of the initial viral infection. Anti-fungal medications may be prescribed, although care should be taken, as … • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. We're here to help. We value and respect our HERWriters' experiences, but everyone is different. Common types of bacterial lung infections include pneumonia and tuberculosis, states WebMD. Pathology. There is currently no vaccine or cure for MERS. A nasal spray vaccine contains an attenuated live virus and has been approved for use in people ages 2-49.  The two most common LRIs are bronchitis and pneumonia . As with other lung infections, people with COVID-19 may experience cough and fever, along with shortness of breath. These different types of lung infections include: • Bronchitis (chronic or acute) They range from acute infections, such as pneumonia and bronchitis, to chronic conditions such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Your risk rises if you smoke or have certain underlying medical conditions such as heart disease or diabetes. The flu can be unpredictable and flu symptoms can range from mild to severe. Everyone 6 months of age and older should get a flu shot annually to help prevent the spread infection. Other forms of medical care may be available to help though. In other words, stomach flu is actually a different disease all together from "the flu.". Vomiting and diarrhea may also count among flu symptoms in adults, though this is more common in children. Some potential symptoms are fatigue and cough, with or without the production of excess mucus. Worldwide, in over 100 countries, by then more than 190,000 cases of COVID-19 had been confirmed, with more than 7,800 deaths. SARS virus spreads mainly through person-to-person contact. In addition, several antivirals are undergoing testing to determine if they can reduce, slow or stop viral infection to allow the person to recover. People infected with bird flu have often been in close contact with sick birds and their droppings, or in direct contact with someone else already infected with the bird flu virus. The causes are many. However, this lung infection is considered less contagious than the flu. Once it developed, the virus spread quickly. People usually recover within a week with this mild illness. Of the upper respiratory infection symptoms, the most common is a cough. A doctor may prescribe antiviral medications. Receive the latest and greatest in women's health and wellness from EmpowHER - for free! The global coronavirus COVID-19 outbreak of 2020 was caused by the most contagious strain of serious coronavirus yet. The doctor and the hospital created a special triage unit for survivors of the tsunami. Currently, prevention of the disease, or decreasing risk, is possible by avoiding contact with individuals diagnosed with the infection or people who have been in an outbreak area, isolation of infected individuals (quarantine) and strict handwashing techniques. Scientists have not yet been able to develop a cold vaccine to protect against all of these viruses. LUNG DISEASE 2 Discussion 2 Question DB2 Asthma versus Chronic Bronchitis If I were allowed to choose between Asthma and chronic bronchitis, I would instead choose chronic bronchitis. COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes the disease) is a potentially deadly respiratory infection that originated in Wuhan City, China in December 2019. Rebecca Lancefield serologically classified streptococci in the 1930s using carbohydrate antigens from the bacterial cell walls.S. Often referred to as a chest cold or upper respiratory infection, bronchitis affects more smokers than non-smokers. Your lymph nodes may swell. All rights reserved. In most cases, this condition makes the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide difficult. The swine flu vaccine is prepared either as a shot or as a nasal spray. Your doctor may use another name for your condition. Though not a medical term, many people use this phrase to describe a mild form of pneumonia. Research has been based around monoclonal antibodies, which hold promise as future diagnostic tools for SARS infection and treatment. Upper respiratory infections affect the parts of the respiratory tract that are higher on the body, including the nose, sinuses, and throat, while lower respiratory infections affect the airways and lungs. Chest X-rays, lung function tests, sputum samples and CBC are all possible tests your doctor may conduct to see if you have a lung infection. ", Medscape: "Bacterial pneumonia," "How is chronic bronchitis defined? National Center for Biotechnology Information. by Michele Blacksberg RN By Vanessa Caceres , Contributor April 24, 2020 … 2009] - PubMed - NCBI. Pneumonia is an inflammatory lung disease which affects the microscopic sacs of lungs. Usually … Recently, I was fixated on a documentary about last spring’s tsunami in Japan. Another name of the lung infection is a lower respiratory tract infection. Bird flu can be life threatening. 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